The Pros And Cons Of Composting

By Amy Grant | December 18, 2018 Co Author: Mary H. Dyer
Image by piotr_malczyk
by Amy Grant
December 18, 2018
and Mary H. Dyer

Composting is one of the most beneficial things you can do in the garden, and the reasons to compost are many. That being said, don’t feel guilty if you don’t want to compost, or if it just sounds like too much trouble. It’s true that composting provides numerous benefits but, on the other hand, there are several valid reasons not to compost. If you’re thinking it just isn’t your thing, take a moment to consider the benefits along with the downsides of composting.


Pros of Composting


Amy’s viewpoint: I compost, but I’ve heard every excuse in the book on why NOT to compost. Usually, it comes down to a time factor – not enough time to compost. Phooey! Another good one is that “it smells.” Not if you’re composting correctly. I think I could literally refute every excuse on composting disadvantages. But, instead, I am going to devote this time to talking about the benefits of composting.

Good for the environment. The biggest reason to compost is that it’s environmentally friendly. Did you know that yard waste and food scraps comprise about 27% of solid waste in the United States? That figure is quite staggering, especially when you consider that almost everyone can compost! Why should you be concerned about the amount of solid waste in landfills? Not only does hauling waste to landfills fill up space for years, but landfills produce methane, a greenhouse gas that is twenty times more effective than carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the atmosphere. Methane can remain in the atmosphere for up to 15 years and, as such, has serious implications with relation to global warming and climate change.

So this major composting advantage is actually three-fold: reducing solid waste, minimizing methane gas and, therefore, reducing our impact on climate change.

Improves soil structure and water retention. As if these weren’t enough “pros” of composting, this “black gold” also improves the quality of almost any soil. It improves the structure and texture, allowing the soil to retain more nutrients, water and air, which equals healthier, more productive plants. Water retention encourages plants to grow larger root systems which in turn protects from erosion and water runoff that takes pollutants into our waterways.

Natural, organic fertilizer. Amending the garden with compost has yet another benefit. Because it is made up of organic materials, compost breaks down over time. As compost breaks down, it continually feeds the surrounding plants. This reduces the need for synthetic chemicals and fertilizers.

Less cost involved. Reducing the need to purchase synthetic additives cuts costs dramatically and, after all, composting is free to anyone that has a patch of ground. This means that growing your own organic fruit and vegetables leads to a considerable savings over purchasing them from the supermarket.

Anyone can compost. And lastly, let me go back to something I mentioned at the start of this article, “Everyone can compost!” Even folks who reside in the most urban of settings can participate in composting and, indeed, some of them are more intense composters than rural homeowners. Even if you don’t have yard space for your own compost pile, many municipalities now have yard waste/food scrap programs. And you can compost indoors too.


Cons of Composting


Mary’s viewpoint: There are some very good reasons for composting, but it’s a big job and it isn’t for everybody. Take time to consider both the pros and cons of composting before you jump in. Here are common reasons not to compost:

It’s stinky. If you aren’t careful, a compost pile can develop a nasty odor – nasty enough to attract bugs, as well as rats and other four-legged pests. You can minimize this composting disadvantage by turning the pile regularly and by burying food scraps in the center of the pile, (or by not composting at all). An improperly processed compost pile, especially one that includes chicken manure or other animal waste, can also harbor dangerous pathogens.

It’s ugly. Creating a gorgeous landscape is a lot of hard work and you may not like the idea of an unsightly compost pile detracting from all that beauty. Sometimes, the neighbors aren’t crazy about the composting idea, either. You could always purchase a neat and tidy compost bin and tuck it away in a corner, but even a small compost pile or bin takes up a certain amount of space.

It sucks up a lot of time and energy. Composting means hauling grass clippings, leaves and other compostable materials to the pile. When the compost is finished, you spread it in your garden or flower bed, and then you start all over again. You can’t just forget about compost; it must be turned every day or at least several times a week. Depending on the type of composter, you may need to turn it manually with a garden fork or shovel. That’s a lot of hard work and one of the major cons of composting.

It’s not a perfect fertilizer. There’s no argument that compost is good for the soil and reduces the need for chemical fertilizers. However, most gardeners learn that compost is, at best, a supplement to regular fertilizer, and that the balance of nutrients depends on the ingredients. For example, compost based on chicken manure tends to be very high in phosphorus. Also, compost that isn’t properly managed can lose a significant amount of nutrients as they are leached out by rain or dissipate into the atmosphere.

It may take longer than you expect. Every time you add more material to the compost, it takes that much longer to break down and ultimately delays the finished project. Some gardeners prefer to use two bins so one can be “cooking” when the other is finished. Weather can also be a delaying factor; not much happens with compost during the winter unless you have an insulated bin, so the compost basically just sits there until spring.


Composting Advantages vs. its Disadvantages


Sure, there may be some downsides to composting, but in the greater scheme of things, the small inconvenience of remembering to scrape your plate into a compost bin instead of the garbage is more than worth it. Composting just may be worth the future of the planet.

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  • idrar yolu enfeksiyonuna ne iyi gelir
    Comment added October 4, 2022Reply

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  • Shammy Peterson
    Comment added March 16, 2022Reply

    Thanks for pointing out that you could cut down the costs of purchasing synthetic additives when you consider composting. This is something that must be considered by businesses that deal with food waste. I could imagine how using a food composter could help them save money on food waste removal and at the same time help the environment.

  • Taylor Hansen
    Comment added September 22, 2020Reply

    It's good to know that composting can improve the soil and help retain its nutrients. I've heard a lot from my friend that composting is really good for his soil and his garden. Since I just started my own garden, I should start getting into composting to be more environmentally-friendly.

  • NAME
    Comment added February 22, 2020Reply


    • Person
      Comment added October 20, 2020Reply

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  • lol
    Comment added May 17, 2019Reply

    good artical

  • Sami Aaron
    Comment added January 1, 2019Reply

    Mary - it looks like your disdain for composting may come from your being given incorrect or misleading information. And I wouldn't blame you for your negative reaction! My experience has been really different from yours and I'd like to share it with you.

    A couple of things I've experienced after composting for many years:

    1. Stinky: I just keep a covered trash bin near the compost pile filled with dry material like last fall's leaves, old newspaper, and empty pizza boxes. Each time I dump my kitchen waste in there, I cover it with a layer of this dry material, so I never experience an odor. I only put scraps of fruit and vegetables in there (no meat) and then any yard cleanup, dead leaves and old dirt from my houseplants (and dead houseplants!), plus these dry leaves. It's really a simple list. Stinky in the kitchen? I keep a plastic bin in my freezer and put all my vegetable/fruit scraps in there until I feel like taking them out to the compost pile so there's no smell of decomposing produce in the kitchen!

    2. Lots of work: I NEVER turn my compost! I just do the layering and occasionally stick the hose in there if it's been a dry season and I almost always have great compost within a year. When it's ready, I have the joy of spreading it around my yard knowing that I'm benefiting plants and pollinators without having to use chemical fertilizers. (And it's FREE!! And there are no plastic bags to dispose of!) I don't have any timeline set for when it should be ready to use, so winter or summer, I still compost.

    3. Compost piles look bad: I have two square ones made from dark brown recycled plastic that just look like big boxes at the back of the yard. They fit into a manicured suburban neighborhood just fine. And I have native wildflowers growing along the sides and back so it looks pretty sweet! I do fill up one and then switch to the other one while the first one incubates until it's ready to use. I've seen some hidden behind bamboo fences or trellises that look nice too.

    4. I don't worry that it's not a perfect fertilizer or that I've done it "wrong". At the end of the season, if it looks like dirt and feels like really rich soil, I know it's just perfect. It's giving back to the earth valuable nutrients in a way that just plain feels good! To think that my decomposed watermelon rinds will help next year's garden grow is a sweet inspiration.

    There is no one "right" way to compost; maybe there's a method that feels more comfortable for you than what you were originally taught. I like to call mine "The Way of The Lazy Composter"!

    • Curtis Clark
      Comment added February 25, 2020Reply

      Great reply, with tons more tips and helpful ideas! Very thoughtful of you Sami!

      I'm definitely giving composting a try this spring, and will be using this blog as a starter-guide to my research. My brother has been doing it for a couple years now by managing a simple pile, and he says it takes so very little work to maintain.

  • Amrit Kombrabail
    Comment added December 19, 2018Reply

    Great article!

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